The Most Common Injuries in Sport Explained
One of the elements you can’t avoid if you want to become a professional athlete, apart from hard work and sacrifice, are sports injuries. Injuries can be small, like a little tweak in your back, intense pain, or general tightness in your upper or lower extremities, but regardless of their intensity and location, unfortunately, they are an integral part of life of every athlete out there.
Let’s find out which sports injuries are the most common, and what you can and must do if you want to cure them.
Sure, it’s pretty easy to spot a serious injury, such as a broken bone, but more often than not in sports, some of the injuries, even the worst ones, can often be invisible to the naked eye without further testing. However, there are some signs which indicate how serious of an injury you are dealing with.
Tendon and Muscle Injuries
Tendon and muscle injuries are the most common type of injuries among professional athletes, as well those who lead active lives. Tendons are designed to keep your muscles attached to your bones, but, like muscles, they can also become stretched out, or even broken. Based on the severity of injury, professional trainer handbooks separate injuries into three categories:
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The Healing Process
The healing process goes on in several stages, so let’s take a look each of them in detail.
Destruction Phase – Day 1 to 3: starting with the injury, the injured area fills up with blood, which creates a hematoma, muscle fibers that are broken die, and swelling takes place.
Repair Phase – Day 3 to 14: After the elimination of dead muscle tissue, muscle fibers will begin to regenerate, along with the blood vessel that were ruptured in the injured area and scar tissue.
While muscles are far more likely to get damaged, ligaments, which connect bones to one another and act as support for joints, can also become torn, sprained, or broken. As with tendons and muscles, there are several categories based on the severity of injury:
Grade 1 – Mild Sprain: as a result of the ligament fiber damage, pain and swelling are present.
Grade 2 – Moderate Sprain: apart from more ligament fibers being damaged, pain and swelling, limited range of motion is also one of the signs of a moderate sprain.
Grade 3 – Serious Sprain: intense pain, ruptured ligament, joint instability, swelling, completely limited range of movement.
Chronic injuries develop as a consequence of overusing parts of your body. One common well-known example would be carpal tunnel syndrome, as well as pain in your lower back. As you strain your muscle by keeping it in an unnatural position, you will overuse it, and develop a chronic injury over time.
Signs of chronic injuries are moderate swelling and sharp pain when the muscle is used, and dull pain even when it is resting. They can start off small but develop into serious injuries if not checked.
We hope this little guide has helped you learn more about sports injuries - the origins of the terms and importantly how to try to avoid them. Good luck and stay injury free!